Guidelines to amend Legal Pleadings – by Vritika Chawla
Order 6, Rule 1, of the C.P.C. defines pleading to mean a plaint or a written statement.
Plaint is the statement of claim, in writing and filed by the plaintiff, in which he sets out his cause of action with all necessary particulars.
Written statement is the statement of the defendant, in writing and filed by the defendant, in which he deals with every material facts alleged by the plaintiff in plaint and also states any new fact which may be in his favour adding such legal objections as he wishes. A plaintiff’s pleading may also be his written statement, as where the defendant, in his written statement in answer thereto. Thus, an application to sue as pauper is not a pleading, in as much as it becomes a plaint only after the application is granted.
STEPS INVOLVED IN CYBER CRIME INVESTIGATION - by Harinder Birring
In the evolution of digital society and technology many developments have taken place and many new inventions are still under process. But with these developments the number of crimes related to computer has also been increased. As there are numerous number of cases in which the provisions of the IT act,2008 (amended) are violated and those are violated by professional hackers and many number of group of hackers. Some of the cases are of data theft and in some the computer system is completely destroyed by the hackers. So with these increasing crimes the government is also preparing their employees with the latest technology so that they can tackle the hackers and the viruses introduced by them in the computer system.
There are various and diverse area where a paralegal could work in. From assisting lawyers and attorneys to manage intellectual property and several more.
A Copyright is a right given by the law to the creators of literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works and producers of cinematograph films and sound recordings.
SYNOPSIS ON LAWS RELATED TO WOMEN , by Shakti Shekhawat.
There are some of the laws which are gender neutral such as minimum wages act, PF, ESIC etc. which generally doesn’t distinguish between Male & females. There are lot of provisions of separate wash rooms, rest rooms, working during specific time of the day, No night shifts etc.
RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS – AN OVERVIEW, by Ranjan R, Associate at VNS Legal
Related Party Transactions (RPT) is an expression which has gained great currency in the Corporate sphere and has attained the status of a contentious issue in the field of Corporate Governance. Related Party Transactions were earlier regarded as a normal feature of commerce and business, but with the advent of the Satyam Scam this concept has attracted the attention of the Investors, Legislators and the Corporate Experts.
REGULATING NET NEUTRALITY by Dinesh Jotwani, Advocate
It is rare that Indian Parliament discusses technology issues. However, this session saw Rahul Gandhi raising the issue on Net neutrality, calling for universal access to Internet and accusing it of handing Internet to corporates. It’s going to affect the youth of nation, he added. Telecom Minister Ravi Prasad Shankar was quick to respond and save-the-internet assured that the BJP government is committed to providing equal access to Internet for all. Prasad added that it is Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision that Internet should be made available to people in a non-discriminatory manner.
INSIDER TRADING AND ITS HARMFUL EFFECTS – A LEGAL PERSPECTIVE – By Mr. Ranjan R., Advocate, N.V.S Associates
As the business world continues to expand in global markets, trading of shares, bonds, derivatives and other instruments continues to increase. One form of trading that has received considerable interest in recent years is Insider Trading. It occurs when an individual with potential access to non-public information about a Corporation buys or sells stocks of that company. However if trading is done in a manner that does not take advantage of non-public information, it is often permissible.
ROLE OF INDEPENDENT DIRECTORS IN CORPORATE GOVERNANCE - By Mr. Ranjan R., Advocate
The concept of Independent Directors (ID’s) have gained a world wide momentum in the wake of Corporate Governance in recent years with the advent of various corporate failures such as Satyam Debacle, Enron Debacle, and several other scandals. Corporate Experts have always felt the need for the directors to be independent and free from the influence of the Board. The demand made by the experts was relevant because directors are appointed by the board itself which in turn is under the control of the Chief Executive Officer who also happens to be the Chairman of the Board. In reality Directors in many companies do not have any say even when there is a need for their approval.
NEED FOR BETTER CORPORATE GOVERNANCE by Mr. Ranjan R., Advocate
Corporate Governance (CG)(*1) is an expression which has gained great currency in legal and corporate circles during the last decade and a half. Briefly it refers to a system of rules, practices and procedures by which a company is directed and controlled. It strives to balance the interests of various Stake Holders-Shareholders, Directors, Executors, Suppliers, Financiers, Government and the Community at large in order to achieve the Companies objectives. Corporate Governance started as a voluntary initiative. However, with the failure of well-known companies like Enron in the United States Of America (US), Satyam Computers in India Governments had to step in and enact legislations like Sarbanes Oxley Act in the US.
With the advent of new ways of doing business, India’s education and skills development system needs to evolve and grow. A handy example of the same was found recently when Amity University and Indian Academy of Law & Management (“IALM”) inked the deal to jointly introduce for the first time in India, a course on “Professional Paralegal Certification”. No other institutions in India, other than Amity, with it’s Global branding and educational standards could provide such course with such a high Education Standards.
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